will clearly state the problem or question you are addressing either real or ima
will clearly state the problem or
question you are addressing either real or imagined. Make sure this is something that is testable
and not outside the realm of science so no ghost hunting or fairy capturing! In this paragraph you
should also clearly identify the type of measurement being used to address your question. For
example, if you are trying to answer how fast a ball drops this will be a quantitative measurement
that uses metric units of distance and time.
Form a hypothesis: In a short paragraph clearly identify your testable problem and clearly
state what your group expects to happen. You will be in full control of an imagined scenario
so you can engineer your data to either prove or disprove your hypothesis here. If you are doing
an actual experiment to answer a question, you will obviously let the data you collect determine
the acceptance or rejection of your formed hypothesis.
Methods and Materials: Generally, this section attempts to answer the following questions:
What materials were used? How were they used? Where and when was the work done? (This
question is most important in field studies.) This section MUST be written in complete sentences
(not bulleted or numbered). This is not a “how to” but clearly identifies the process of the
experiment that could be replicated. Again, measurements must be metric. Terminology such
as room temperature, low temperature, high temperature, small, large, etc. are not quantitative.
Measurements must be quantitative and clearly understand. Again, this must use metric
basically describes how they will conduct the experiment to test your
hypothesis. You must clearly identify your independent and dependent variable, identify the
constants that exist to be sure the experiment is controlled, list materials used to do the
experiment, and explain the procedure making sure it is clear and can be reproduced by
others. All measurements must be in metric units. The materials and methods section should
be written in complete sentences (e.g.do not bullet-point materials used, number methods, or list
of materials, etc.) and be complete enough so that another student with the same background, but
unfamiliar with the experiment, could perform the same experiment without additional
instructions. This section will take a few paragraphs to do properly.
Collect and Analyze Data (Results): This will take more than one short paragraph and
include your data and any graphs for displaying your data. There is no set length but you
must either come up with imagined data for your imagined experiment or actual data that your
team collected. No matter the case your write up here should describe the data that was or would
be collected, describe or show how it was analyzed, and describe how you would best present the
data such as using a line graph, pie graph, bar graph, or table etc. All measurements must be in
metric units. If you are doing an actual experiment, you will use a graph/table of your choice to
show your actual data if it is imagined you will make up a graph/table with your imagined data.
This section needs to include a graph/table!
Conclusions: This section is a detailed explanation of the results of your experiment and
related discussion about the interpretation of those results. Once again there is no required
length, though this can be the longest part of your report, as long as you clearly restate the
data in your explanation of your results, fully explain why the data supports or rejects your
hypothesis, and offer up some possible sources for error in your experiment. If
measurements are discussed in this section, it must be in metric units. The conclusions
should be relevant to the experiment that was performed and should be based on facts
learned as a result of the experiment. This section needs to demonstrate critical thinking of
Important: Make sure your document is organized as above having all 5 sections
(Introduction, Hypothesis, Methods and Materials, Results, and Conclusions) clearly
labeled, proper heading, and graph/table included. The paper should be typed in Microsoft
Word (12 pt) Times New Roman, double spaced and one-inch margins. You should provide
full citation for any resources used both in the document and as a references page. Use
APA guidelines for in document citations and references.